Hours of Service: Cheat Sheet
Updated: Dec 7, 2021
The short-haul exception maximum allowable workday is changing from 12 to 14 hours, and the distance the driver may operate is extending from a 100 air-mileradius to a 150 air-mile radius.
Adverse Driving Conditions Exception
The adverse driving conditions exception is extending the duty day by two hours when adverse driving conditions are encountered. This is in addition to the extra two hours of driving time already allowed.
This change applies for both property (14-hour driving window) and passenger (15-hour on-duty limit) motor carriers.
30-Minute Break Requirement
The 30-minute break requirement can now be satisfied by an on-duty, not driving break (in addition to an off-duty break). The requirement for property-carrying drivers is applicable in situations where a driver has driven for a period of 8 hours without at least a 30-minute interruption.
Sleeper Berth Provision
The sleeper berth provision allows drivers to split their 10-hour off-duty period in different ways (e.g., 7/3, 8/2, 7.5/2.5), provided one off-duty period (whether in or out of the sleeper berth) is at least 2 hours long, and the other involves at least 7 consecutive hours spent in the sleeper berth. The periods must add up to 10 hours, and when used together, neither time period counts against the maximum 14-hour driving window
The hours of service changes was a process that began in earnest with the arrival of Ray Martinez as the Trump Administration’s first administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. It advanced to the White House under Jim Mullen, who replaced Martinez and goes into effect on September 29th under the watch of Deputy Administrator Wiley Deck, who took over following Mullen’s departure this summer. The focus of the regulatory change has been, according to the FMCSA throughout the process, to give truckers greater flexibility in how they manage their time spent working. The agency also said
“modernizing hours of service regulations is estimated to provide nearly $274 million in annualized cost savings for the U.S. economy.”
What do the changes include?
Drivers will be allowed to use their 30-minute break in an on-duty, not-driving status and requiring it within their first eight hours of drive time, rather than their first eight hours on-duty.
Modifies the sleeper-berth exception to allow drivers to split their 10-hour off-duty period into windows of seven hours and three hours, in addition to the existing eight-hour, two-hour option. It also adds the shorter period in any split off-duty will pause the rolling on-duty clock.
Allows drivers to extend their drive-time limit and their on-duty window by two hours if they encounter adverse weather conditions or traffic congestion Changes the short-haul exception available to some commercial drivers by lengthening their maximum on-duty period from 12 to 14 hours and extending the distance limit within which the driver may operate from 100 air miles to 150 air miles
How have drivers reacted to the new rules?
In mid-May when the changes were finalized and the clock started ticking down to next Tuesday’s implementation, we asked readers of Truckers News what they thought of the changes. In our unscientific poll, we asked, “What best describes your reaction to hours of service rules change?”
32.6% agreed with, “Now they need to make REAL changes for truckers.”
22.3% chose, “Took too long and delivered too little.”
22% agreed with, “So what? None of the changes will benefit me.”
17.4% chose, “Thanks! All the changes will be helpful to me.”
5.8% agreed with, “Shows how the system can work for truckers.”
What did trucking organizations think of the changes?
“The new hours-of-service changes show that FMCSA is listening to industry and fulfilling its duty to establish data-driven regulations that truly work,” said Truckload Carriers Association President John Lyboldt. “We especially thank the agency for moving forward with additional sleeper berth flexibility. While TCA and our members advocate for full flexibility in the sleeper berth for our drivers, FMCSA’s new regulations demonstrate that we are one step closer to achieving that goal.”
Aren’t the changes being challenged in court?
A lawsuit has been filed, but it will not delay the implementation of the hours of service changes. A lawsuit was filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia.
Circuit earlier this month by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, Parents Against Tired Truckers, and Citizens for Reliable and Safe Highways. The suit argues the changes that take effect Sept. 29 are not based on data.
They also claim the hours changes will increase, not decrease, driver fatigue.
Teamsters General President James P. Hoffa said, “By issuing this HOS regulation FMCSA has bowed to special trucking industry interests at the expense of highway safety, seeking longer workdays for drivers who are already being pushed to the limit. We join this lawsuit to ensure that our members and their families are protected from fatigued drivers when they use our nation’s highways.”
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